Plant Catalogue – Fruit Trees

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Apple

Beauty of Bath – Dessert. Eat straight from the tree. Bright red flush over yellow fruit, often stained pink under the skin. Sweet and juicy when ripe. A fairly spreading habit and tends to be tip-bearing. Introduced in Somerset c 1864, by Mr George
Cooling of Bath. The origin of this variety was at Bailbrook, Batheaston near Bath.  Group 2 

Blenheim Orange AGM – Dessert. October to February. Dull yellow, slightly russet skin, with dull red flush. Large, round flat apple of regular shape, crisp, sweet, juicy and yellow flesh with distinctive nutty flavour.  May be cooked.  Raised by Mr Kempster of Woodstock, Oxford in 1818. Makes a spreading flat headed tree.   Group 3  

Braeburn AGM – Dessert. October to March. Crisp firm aromatic fruit, green flushed red. Needs a sheltered site. Group 4      

Bramley Seedling AGM – Cooking.  October to March.  Large flat, round fruit, greenish yellow with slight red flush. Cooks well, gives plenty of juice. A very vigorous grower with thick, spreading branches. This best known of all cooking apples is not a good pollinator of other apples and, being triploid, it really needs two pollinators to ensure maximum cropping. It was raised between 1809 and 1813 by Miss Mary Anne Brailsford and planted in her garden at Church Street, Southwell, Nottingham. Her cottage, along with the tree, passed to a Mr Bramley a local butcher, and Henry Merryweather offered the tree for sale.  Group 3     

Charles Ross AGM – Dessert but can be baked. September and can be stored to November. Sweet flavoured greenish-yellow, flushed red and striped. A cross between Cox’s Orange Pippin (from which it gets some of its flavour) and Peasgood’s
Nonsuch (hence its size). Raised in Berkshire c 1890. Group 3      

Cox’s Orange Pippin (Self fertile) – Dessert. Does not need a pollinator. Improved form. October to January.  The well known eater. Group 3     

Crispin (Mutsu) – Dessert. October can be stored until March.  Fruits are large, oblong, greenish yellow sometimes with a brown flush, crisp juicy flesh with a firm juicy flesh with a sweet and refreshing flavour. When cooked the flesh does not ‘fall’, and has a
pleasant flavour with a hint of anise. It also makes an unusual addition to salads. Crops are heavy and regular. Originally from Japan, where it was raised in the 1930’s. Group 3             

Discovery AGM – Dessert. September. Earliest apple ready for eating. Yellow flushed orange scarlet, comparable in size and
shape with Worcester Pearmain from which it was raised (believed open pollinated by Beauty of Bath). Its leaves are scab and mildew resistant. The fruits – white flesh crisp, firm and juicy – are well flavoured and do not drop prematurely, therefore they can be picked over a comparatively long period. Shelf life of full three weeks. An excellent pollinator of other early flowering varieties, blossom has some frost resistance, inclined to be tip bearing. It was raised by Mr Dummer of Blacksmiths Corner Langham. Essex in 1949 and originally named Thurston August by Mr J Matthews of Matthews Fruit Trees Ltd. of Bury St Edmunds. Suffolk. Group 3     

Ellisons Orange  – Dessert. September and October. Yellow variously striped red, soft flesh with good flavour of medium size,
round, slightly conical and with flat ends. Apples very juicy and richly flavoured when fully ripe, a reliable cropper and the flower resists Spring frosts. Raised by Rev. C.C. Ellison and introduced in 1911. Moderate, upright growth, with slender branches. Group 3

Egremont Russet AGM – Dessert.  October to December. Russet, richly Nuttyflavoured, medium sized fruit. Good cropper, hardy and resistant to scab. Compact growth and suitable for pot culture, but remember it is a spur bearer. The flowers are tolerant of late frosts. Group 2  

Falstaff AGM     

Fiesta AGM – Dessert. October to January. Medium to large fruit, pale yellow with red flush. The flesh is firm, crisp and juicy. Free flowering and a heavy cropper.
Originated in Kent in 1986.Cross between Cox’s and Idared. Group 3

Granny Smith – Dessert.  November to April. Crisp and juicy, this famous apple is hard, shiny green and juicy. It requires a warm climate in order to develop any sugars or flavour, so is not a good choice for growing in the North. Cropping is good, although has a tendency to be biennial. Good keeper. Raised by chance from a seed thrown out by Mrs Thomas Smith in New South Wales, Australia, Group 3     

Howgate Wonder – Cooking. October. A flattish large yellow apple striped red, the flesh is frim, juicy and quite sweet when ripe and cooks well. This is heavy and one of the largest cooking apples in cultivation. Raised on the Isle of Wight in 1915 by G. Wratten at Howgate Lane, Bembridge, this is a cross between Newton Wonder and Blenheim Orange. Group 3

Herefordshire Russet

James Grieve AGM – Dessert.  September to October. Almost full yellow, slightly flushed and red striped very juicy and has a pleasant, crisp, sweet flavour. Probably the best September dessert apple, very prolific. The flowers are fairly resistant to frost damage. A good pollinator. Raised in Edinburgh and first recorded in 1893 Compact and easy to grow. Can be used as a cooker in August. Susceptible to canker in poor soils and scab in wet areas  Group 3     

Jonagold AGM – Dessert.  November to February. Attractive fruit with a rich honeyed flavour, crisp and juicy. American variety, the result of crossing Golden Delicious with Jonathan – Grown commercially throughout much of the world. Group 3     

Katy – Dessert.  September to October. Bright red shiny skin with very juicy crisp flesh and a pleasant flavour. A very attractive apple, always chosen by children. Raised in Sweden in 1947 from a cross between James Grieve and Worcester Pearmain,
this is an excellent pollinator of other varieties and produces abundant crops of ‘lunch-box’ sized apples A good early apple. Group 3      

Laxtons Superb – Dessert.  October to February.  Yellow, slightly flushed red all over, heavily so, on the exposed side. Fine quality fruit of excellent flavour, white, sweet and crisp flesh. Heavy cropper and its flowers are fairly resistant to frost. Keeps well. Raised by Laxton Brothers Ltd., of Huntingdon – a cross between Wyken Pippin and Cox’s Orange Pippin. Group 4      

Lord Lambourne AGM – Dessert. September to November. Yellow skin flushed red, excellent flavour, juicy and firm. Crops heavily, a first rate apple. Its flowers are fairly resistant to frost. Raised in Bedford by The Laxton Brother’s in 1907. Group 2    

Red Falstaff – Dessert. October to March. Crisp aromatic green fruits flushed red A richly coloured apple bred at the East Malling Research Station in Kent in 1965. Fruity, well-balanced, crisp and juicy, this shows all the attributes of its parents – James Grieve and Golden Delicious. Group 3 self fertile

Reverend W. Wilks – Cooker. September to October. Reverend Wilks was the Secretary of the RHS from 1888 – 1919, and this superb mid-season cooker was named in his honour by Messrs. Veitch of Chelsea in 1904. The very large fruit are a pale primrose yellow, flushed with a delicate pinky-red and cook to a pale yellow froth with a delicate aromatic flavour. This variety is very hardy and disease resistant, so does well even in the colder and wetter areas of the country. Crops are extremely heavy, although this can lead to a slight tendency to be biennial. Partially thin crops in June to avoid this. Group 3

Scrumptious – New variety – Dessert. September to October. Crisp & sweet, rose pink flush with cream flesh. Disease resistant.

Group 3 self fertile    

Spartan – Dessert.  October to January. Wonderful dark purplish-red fruit which are firm, crisp and juicy. The flavour is quite sweet and very refreshing, with a lovely aroma. Bred by Mr. R. C. Palmer in British Columbia in 1926, this is a good
pollinator of other varieties and is very disease resistant. Fruit can be on the small side, so give a high potash feed and thin the crop in late June. Group 3      

Sunset AGM – Dessert.  October to December. Cox type appearance and flavour golden fruits flushed red and specked with russet. firm and juicy, delicious flavour, regular cropper and fairly resistant to frost. Forms a tree of compact and tidy habit with the added attraction of very colourful blossom. Origin. Kent c1918 Group 3     

Worcester Pearmain AGM – Dessert. August to October.  Crimson, medium sized fruit. Best picked and eaten fresh from the trees, it can be eaten as early as August in the South of England. Produces huge crops especially when Charles Ross is used as its pollinator. Bears a good crop in most years, unless you forget that it is a tip bearer and prune off your next crop! This beautiful apple is susceptible to scab but resistant to frost. The apple originated in the market garden of Mr Hale at Swan
Pool, near Worcester in the 1870’s and is probably a seedling from Devonshire Quarrenden.Group 3     

APRICOT

FLAVORCOT ‘Bayoto’

Moor Park AGM – July.  Grown from a stone at Lord Ansons home, Moor Park, in 1760. Large fruits with a good rich flavour. Good fertility. SF.

CHERRY

Morello AGM – Cooking. August to September. Dark red fruits of good quality.  Ideal for jams and tarts. Grows well in the shade so excellent on a North wall. Introduced before 1629. SF

Stella AGM –July- Sweet large dark red fruits of good flavour. Introduced from Canada in 1968. Self fertile. SF

Sunburst – July – Large near black fruits with a gorgeous flavour. Introduced from British Columbia in 1970 Self fertile SF

FIG

Brown Turkey AGM – Sugary rich red flesh, can be grown inside or out..

Celeste – Brown purple fruits with rich sweet flavour

MEDLAR

Nottingham – Large white flowers in May are followed by flattish fruits. Pick in late October early November and allow to sit and go deep brown (bletting), alternatively they can be made into a pink jelly. Makes an attractive interestingly shaped ornamental tree.

Morus nigraMULBERRY      

Morus nigra ‘Chelsea’ (King James) – Selected form originally grown at Hampton Court. Dark, almost black red fruits in August and September. Can be eaten fresh or made into jam or wine.  Rough, bristly leaves, deciduous.

NECTARINE

Flavortop – pinky-red skinned with a rich flavour and very juicy. Good cropper, mid to late August

John Rivers – large yellow fleshed juicy fruits in July.

Lord Napier AGM – August.  Rich flavour. Large yellow to orange fruits. Heavy cropper. Self fertile.

PEACH

Hales Early – July to August. Apricot yellow fruits, flushed red.  Soft yellow flesh Good flavour. SF         

Peregrine AGM – Introduced in 1906. Early to mid August. Excellent large round reddish fruits with sweet white flesh. SF

Royal George – Introduced before 1800. Late August to early September. Round shaped peaches with juicy white flesh and an excellent flavour. SF

Rochester AGM – Introduced in 1912. Early to mid August. Red motled fruits with yellow flesh. SF

PEAR

Beth AGM – Dessert. September. Small pale yellow fruits with a pink flush. Creamy white juicy flesh. Excellent flavour. Ideal garden pear bred in 1938 but not introduced until 1974. Group 3     

Concorde AGM – Dessert. September. Keep until December. Pale green/yellow, sweet and juicy. Raised  at East Malling in 1977. Group 4  Self fertile

Conference AGM – September to November. Easiest pear to grow.  Regular cropper, good flavour.  Will cook and bottle. Group 3  Self fertile.   

Doyene de Comice AGM – Dessert. October to November. A delicious pear, rich flavour. Raised in France in the 1840’s and introduced to the UK in 1858. Needs a good pollinator. Group 4      

Williams Bon Chretien AGM – Dessert. September to October. Large thin skinned variety with sweet fine textured flesh. Well known pear originally discovered in a garden in the 1700’s.Excellent flavour. Group 3     

PLUM

Cambridge Gage AGM – Dessert.  Late August and September A lovely greengage,  fruits well with an excellent flavour.  Likely to be a chance greengage seedling.Self fertile.  Group 3  

Coes Golden Drop – Dessert. September. Golden yellow fruits speckled with a cinnamon coloured bloom with a sweet apricot. like flavour. Raised in Suffolk in the late 1800’s. Best in sunny site. Self fertile.   

Czar AGM – Dessert / Cooking. August. Dark Purple with a slightly acid flavour. Cook early in season and can be used as adessert plum when fully ripe. Easy to grow. First introduced in 1874. Self fertile.  Group 3     

Farleigh Damson AGM – Cooking.  September. A heavy cropping small blue-black damson with a great flavour. Found in Farleigh in Kent in 1820.  Self fertile. Group 3     

Marjorie Seedling AGM – Cooking / Dessert. September to October. Origin unknown. Large firm, juicy and sweet purple fruits.  Flowers quite late so generally misses the spring frosts. Self fertile. Group 5    

Merryweather – Cooking.  September. Large plum sized damson acidic but juicy.  Reliable cropper.  Introduced in Nottingham in 1907 Self fertile Group 3     

Old Greengage – Dessert/Cooking.  August. Yellow green fruits. Can be an irregular cropper. Excellent flavour.  Self fertile. Group 3     

Oullins Golden Gage – Dessert / Cooking. Mid August. Introduced in 1860. Lovely golden fruits with a sweet flavour. Self fertile. Group 4     

Shropshire Prune Damson AGM – Cooking. September. Of unknown origin. Deep purple fruits with a strong damson flavour. Self fertile. Group 3     

Victoria – Dessert / Cooking. August to September. May have originated in Sussex in the 1830’s. Reddish cloured fruits excellent as a dessert plum or for cooking and kakes a superb jam. The best dual purpose plum. Good cropper.  Self fertile. Group 3     

Warwickshire Drooper – Dessert/Cooking. Large yellow fruits, very juicy. Good cropper. Has a weeping habit.  Self fertile. Group 2     

QUINCE

Lusitanica (Portugal) – October keeps from November to January. An acient variety. Fragrant golden yellow rounded fruits Self Fertile

Meech’s Prolific – Early October keeps from November to January. Introduced in America about the 1830’s. Large pear shaped fruits, yellow when ripe, yellowish white flesh with an aromatic flavour. Self fertile.       

Pear shaped –  October keeps until January. An old variety. As the name suggests has pear shaped fruits, yellowish flesh with a firm texture. Self fertile.     

Vranja AGM – October keeps from November to January. Of Serbian origin. Fine flavour, pear shaped fruits of clear shining gold.  Regular cropper. Self fertile.